There is no doubt that traffic and pollution from vehicles have become huge problems, both in cities and on motorways everywhere. (I think that) Solving these problems is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.
第一段是改写话题的个人观点。尽管它没有对 I think /my view is that 、 more than 发表个人意见,但可以坚持这样一个主题: 这不仅仅是通过提高油价来改善交通和环境。
While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long. ( 解释原因) As this policy would also affect the cost of public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads. But there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have a huge effect on these problems.
极速彩票APP对于含有绝对词的题目，通常的论证逻辑是同意题目给出的方法是合理的还是有效的，然后提出更有效的反驳题目 the best way ( 的措施, 例如: 第三节)。
主段 1 的论证逻辑是直接反驳题目中的观点 (好与坏,事物有两面)。添加灰色字体,帮助你理解文章的结构。以下分析:
极速彩票APP虽然私家车的使用是造成交通拥堵和环境污染的主要原因之一，但是 (提高油价可以在一定程度上减少私家车的使用), 这也会增加公共交通的成本，所以这不是提高油价的最佳方式)
I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuels need to be developed。 (This is because) The technology is already available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use。(Therefore) Persuading manufacturers and travellers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective strategy for improving air quality, especially in cities。 (提出解决方案: 问题对应第2 个问号)
考官的段落拓展逻辑清晰可见: 在示例 (新能源汽车) 部分对主句 (提出更有效的解决方案) 进行了解释/总结
However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type of private vehicle people can use. To do this , we need to improve the choice of public transport services available to travellers. For example , if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.
写作逻辑: 反方观点的解决方案 (略)
我们通常会给出一个 “变通办法” 或 “坏是好的” 或 “新的理由” 来反驳，下面的例子有助于理解:
1 \。Admittedly,A 东西也不好 (苹果手机价格太贵)。However, 驳斥 A 事物 (解决方案: 年轻人可以通过做兼职或节省通常的零花钱来购买手机。
2 \。Admittedly,A 东西也不好 (苹果手机的价格太贵了)。However, 反驳坏的 (坏的也是好的: 就是因为价格贵，所以年轻人在使用的时候会特别注意，这样就延长了手机的使用寿命)。
3 \。Admittedly,A 东西也不好 (苹果手机价格太贵)。However, 反驳 A (新原因: 苹果的手机很少出现故障,所以这是值得的。
In conclusion, I think that long-term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems.
C9 T2 P54
Some people believe that unpaid community service should be a compulsory part of high school programmes (for example working for a charity, improving the neighbourhood or teaching sports to younger children). To what extent do you agree or disagree? ( 书中提供了 8 点文章: P165)
首先思考一下问题: arc 中的内容是否需要演示？
It has been suggested that high school students should be involved in unpaid community services as a compulsory part of high school programmes. Most of the colleges are already providing opportunities to gain work experience, however these are not compulsory. In my opinion, sending students to work in communities services is a good idea as it can provide them with many lots of valuable skills.
第一段的第一句话改写了话题，第二句话好像改写了，但是前半段更像是介绍背景。第三句是给出个人观点: 同意使用 as 免费社区服务对学生有好处 总结了主要条款的原因。
Life skills are very important and by doing voluntary work, students can learn _ how to communicate with others and work in a team _ but also _ how to manage their time and improve their organizational skills _。Nowadays, unfortunately, teenagers do not have many after-school activities. After-school clubs are no longer that popular and students mostly go home and _ sit in front of the TV, browse internet or play video games _。
以上第1 句话说明生活技能很重要，说明 (沟通、合作、管理实践、组织能力); 第2 句使用比较论证 (现在年轻人课外活动很少) after- school activities) , 目的是回应第一个和最后一个，证明生活技能非常重要。
By giving them compulsory work activities with charitable or community organisations, they will be encouraged to do something more creative (我个人认为这句话与下一句的内容无关)。Skills gained through compulsory work will not only _ be an asset on their CV _ but also _ increase their employability _ Students will also gain more respect towards work and money as they will realize that it is not that easy to earn them and hopefully will learn to spend them in a more practical way。
在最后一段中,第1 句和第2 句是相关的。我个人更喜欢将它们更改为: By giving them compulsory work activities with charitable or community organisations,students may increase their employability, earn a higher salary and make more contribution to the society。 这一段主要指出,社区义务服务可以提高就业率。
Healthy life balance and exercise are strongly promoted by the NHS, and therefore any kind of spare time charity work will prevent from sitting and doing nothing. It could also possibly reduce the crime level in the high school age group. If students have activities to do, they will not to be bored and come up with silly ideas which can be dangerous for them or their surroundings.
最后一句使用 If 条件正参数。如果有事情可以做，年轻人就不会做违法的事情。当你写作时，你也可以 If 提出相反的假设论点: 如果你不这样做，会发生什么。 In conclusion, I think this is a very good idea, and I hope this programme will be put into action for high schools 'colleges shortly.
C9 T4 P102
极速彩票APPEvery year several languages die out。 Some people think that this is not important because life will be easier if there are fewer languages in the world。 To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? ( 书中没有参考模型)
C10 T1 P31
It is important for children to learn the difference between right and wrong at an early age. Punishment is necessary to help them learn this distinction. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? What sort of punishment should parents and teachers be allowed to use to teach good behaviour to children?( 考官范文: P162)
C11 T1 P31
Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads。 To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? ( 书中没有参考模型)
C11 T2 P55
Some people claim that not enough of the waste from homes is rejected. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for governments to make it a legal requirement. To what extent do you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste? ( 书中没有参考模型)
C13 T1 P30
Living in a country where you have to speak a foreign language can cause serious social problems, as well as practical problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? ( 书中提供了 6.5 个练习)
C13 T2 P52
Some people believe that nowadays we have too many choice。 To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? ( 书中提供了 7 个练习)
个人 humble 见: 剑桥雅思真题中提供的 6.5-7 篇文章放在大陆考区进行评分，未获得相同的分数, 所以大家可以参考写作思路，但这不是写作的标准。