Question 1 答: True 关键词: Mary Rose, sink 定位原文: 第1 段玛丽玫瑰沉没的原因，第四段，有很多解释，有人这么说……,其他一些人. 解题思路: while witnesses agree that..., some maintain that..., others 其中可以看出} that.这种结构表明，对其沉没的原因没有达成共识，这与标题 “关于玛丽 · 罗斯沉没的原因的一些争议” 是一致的。
Question 2 答: NOT GIVEN 关键词: 19 July 1545, sink 定位原文: 时间在信息后面的第1 段第1 出现在 “What is undisputed...” 的 5 号 然而，玛丽 · 罗斯号当天沉入索伦特海峡，船上至少有 500 人，这是无可争议的。 解决问题的思路: 文章只提到了战列舰的沉没。没有提到 “是否是唯一的” 这一点，标题说玛丽 · 罗斯号是 1545年7月19日战斗中唯一的沉船, 所以这个问题的答案是 NOT GIVEN.
Question 3 答: True 关键词: one side the Mary Rose 极速彩票APP定位原文: “Because of the way the ship sank 第2 段 4.”由于船沉没的原因，右舷几乎完全保持不动。 解题思路: 文章第二段描述了玛丽 · 罗斯在海底的情况，第四句说右舷几乎是 完全保留，这与标题 “玛丽 · 罗斯的一面在海里大部分没有损坏” 中的说法是一致的..“，所以这个问题的答案是 TRUE.
Question 4 答: False 关键词: historical objects 对应原文: 《 McKee and his team now knew 》第五段第3. McKee 他们的团队确信他们找到了残骸，但还没有意识到仍然有保存完好的精美工艺品珍品。 解决问题的想法: B 说 McKee 知道残骸中会有很多 historical objects,，根据描述 McKee 和 unaware 团队的 he 的第五部分第3 that it also housed a treasure trove.意思是他们不知道情况，所以标题和原文是相反的。这个问题的答案是 FALSE.
Question 5 答: C 关键词: launched 极速彩票APP原文定位: 第四段 “The Mary Rose then faded into” 前两句 .”玛丽 · 罗斯后来失踪了几百年。但是在 1965年，军事历史学家，业余潜水员 McKee 和英国潜水俱乐部联合发起了一个名为 “索伦特海峡的船只” 的项目。 解题思路: 第四段 initiated 是题中 launched 的同义词，是 “玛丽 · 罗斯的搜索动作” 的同义词，所以选择 1965。
Question 6 答: B 关键词: stopped 原定位: 第3 段最后一句话 “Deane continued . Deane 继续断断续续地潜入现场，直到 1840年，他发现了更多的枪、两把弓、各种木制品、水泵的部件, 和其他各种各样的东西。第四段第第1 句: The Mary Rose."玛丽 · 罗斯失踪了几百年 解决问题的想法: John Deane 在玛丽 · 罗斯所在的海域搜索
Question 8 答: A 关键词: found by chance 原文定位: 第三段 “Then, on 16 June 1836” 前两句……” 后来，1836年6月16日，索伦特湾的一些渔民发现他们的设备被海底的一个障碍物卡住了，那就是玛丽 · 罗斯号。潜水员 John Deane 正好在附近探索另一艘沉船，渔夫走近他，请他帮忙松开齿轮。 解决问题思路: 文章第三段出现了关于玛丽 · 罗斯位置的信息，渔民们的船不小心发现了玛丽 · 罗斯，刚好 John Deane 附近，这与主题的表达是一致的。时间是 1836。
Question 9 答 :( lifting) frame 关键词: attached, by wires 定位原文: 第3 段第六句 “The hull was attached to……”船体通过一系列螺栓和吊索固定在衣架上。 解题思路: B 对应的是定位词出现在 the hull was attached to a lifting 第六条第3 段的第一个 a 阶段的打捞船体 frame 与标题中的 attached to hull 一致，后面的 wires 也属于原词复制。考虑到标题的字数要求，答案是 (lifting) frame.
Question 10 答: hydraulic jacks 关键词: sucked into mud 原定位: 第六段第四句 “The problem of the hull.”通过使用 12 台液压起重机，船体被吸回污垢的问题得到了解决。 解决问题的思路: the problem of the hull being sucked back, 这个对应主题，解决这个问题的表达方式是 was 所以这个问题的答案是 hydraulic jacks.
Question 11 答: stabbing guides 关键词: legs 定位原文: 第六句 “This required precise.” 第八段}."这就需要精确的定位，将脚固定在吊篮的 “扣导” 上。 解决问题的思路: 这个问题是原文第六段第八句 legs 是 placed into，locate the legs into，题目是 legs are placed into 对应，因此之后的名称结构是应该填写的词汇，所以这个问题的答案是 stabbing guides.
Question 12 答 :( lifting) cradle 关键词: lowered into 定位原文: 第六段 “The lifting cradle”，第九段}……”考古测量图用于设计吊篮以匹配船体，并匹配气囊，为船体脆弱的木质框架提供额外的缓冲。 解决问题的思路: 这个问题中提到的船体 lower into 对应定位的地方，这里提到 the lifting cradle was designed to fit the} hull, 通过分析这个表达式，找到应该填写的名词，所以这个问题的答案是 (lifting) cradle.
Question 13 答: air bags 关键词: less likely affected by infectious diseases 定位原文: 《 The lifting cradle 》第六段第九……”考古测量图用于设计吊篮以匹配船体，并匹配气囊，为船体脆弱的木质框架提供额外的缓冲。
解题思路: 12 道题结束后,可以清楚地看到 13 道题的答案。extra protection 的标题和 additional 的九句条第六款} cushioning 对应, 提供的额外保护是 air bags,,所以这个问题的答案是 air bags。
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13，which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
THE STORY OF SILK
The history of the world 's most luxurious fabric, from ancient China to the present day
Silk is a fine, smooth material produced from the cocoons -soft protective shells -that are made by mulberry silkworms (insect larvae)。 Legend has it that it was Lei Tzu, wife of the Yellow Emperor, ruler of China in about 3000 BC, who discovered silkworms。 One account of the story goes that as she was taking a walk in her husband 's gardens, she discovered that silkworms were responsible for the destruction of several mulberry trees。 She collected a number of cocoons and sat down to have a rest。 It just so happened that while she was sipping some tea, one of the cocoons that she had collected landed in the hot tea and started to unravel into a fine thread。 Lei Tzu found that she could wind this thread around her fingers。 Subsequently, she persuaded her husband to allow her to rear silkworms on a grove of mulberry trees。 She also devised a special reel to draw the fibres from the cocoon into a single thread so that they would be strong enough to be woven into fabric。 While it is unknown just how much of this is true, it is certainly known that silk cultivation has existed in China for several millennia。
Originally, silkworm farming was solely restricted to women, and it was they who were responsible for the growing, harvesting and weaving. Silk quickly grew into a symbol of status, and originally, only royalty were entitled to have clothes made of silk. The rules were gradually relaxed over the years until finally during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), even peasants, the lowest caste, were also entitled to wear silk. Sometime during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), silk was so prized that it was also used as a unit of currency. Government officials were paid their salary in silk, and farmers paid their taxes in grain and silk. Silk was also used as diplomatic gifts by the emperor. Fishing lines, bowstrings, musical instruments and paper were all made using silk. The earliest indication of silk paper being used was discovered in the tomb of a noble who is estimated to have died around 168 AD.
Demand for this exotic fabric eventually created the lucrative trade route now known as the Silk Road, taking silk westward and bringing gold, silver and wool to the East. It was named the Silk Road after its most precious commodity, which was considered to be worth more than gold. The Silk Road stretched over 6,000 kilometres from Eastern China to the Mediterranean Sea, following the Great Wall of China, climbing the Pamir mountain range, crossing modern-day Afghanistan and going on to the Middle East, with a major trading market in Damascus. From there, the merchandise was shipped across the Mediterranean Sea. Few merchants travelled the entire route; goods were handled mostly by a series of middlemen.
With the mulberry silkworm being native to China, the country was the world 's sole producer of silk for many hundreds of years. The secret of silk-making eventually reached the rest of the world via the Byzantine Empire, which ruled over the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East during the period 330-1453 AD. According to another legend, monks working for the Byzantine emperor Justinian smuggled silkworm eggs to Constantinople (Istanbul in modern-day Turkey) in 550 AD, concealed inside hollow bamboo walking canes. The Byzantines were as secretive as the Chinese, however, and for many centuries the weaving and trading of silk fabric was a strict imperial monopoly. Then in the seventh century, the Arabs conquered Persia, capturing their magnificent silks in the process. Silk production thus spread through Africa, Sicily and Spain as the Arabs swept through these lands. Andalusia in southern Spain was Europe 's main silk-producing centre in the tenth century. By the thirteenth century, however, Italy had become Europe 's leader in silk production and export. Venetian merchants traded extensively in silk and encouraged silk growers to settle in Italy. Even now, silk processed in the province of Como in northern Italy enjoys an esteemed reputation.
The nineteenth century and industrialisation saw the downfall of the European silk industry. Cheaper Japanese silk, trade in which was greatly facilitated by the opening of the Suez Canal, was one of the many factors driving the trend. Then in the twentieth century, new manmade fibres, such as nylon, started to be used in what had traditionally been silk products, such as stockings and parachutes. The two world wars, which interrupted the supply of raw material from Japan, also stifled the European silk industry. After the Second World War, Japan 's silk production was restored, with improved production and quality of raw silk. Japan was to remain the world 's biggest producer of raw silk, and practically the only major exporter of raw silk, until the 1970s. However, in more recent decades, China has gradually recaptured its position as the world 's biggest producer and exporter of raw silk and silk yarn. Today, around 125,000 metric tons of silk are produced in the world, and almost two thirds of that production takes place in China.
Complete the notes below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 1-9 on your answer sheet。
THE STORY OF SILK
Early silk production in China
极速彩票APPAround 3000 BC, according to legend:
极速彩票APP-silkworm cocoon fell into emperor 's wife' s 1
-emperor 's wife invented a 2 _ to pull out silk fibres
Only 3 _ were allowed to produce silk
Only 4 _ were allowed to wear silk
-e.g. farmers 'taxes consisted partly of silk
Silk used for many purposes
-e.g. evidence found of 6 _ made from silk around 168 AD
Silk reaches rest of world
Merchants use Silk Road to take silk westward and bring back 7 _ and precious metals
550 AD: 8 _ hide silkworm eggs in canes and take them to Constantinople
Silk production spreads across Middle East and Europe
20 th century: 9 _ and other manmade fibres cause decline in silk production
Questions 10-13 号
极速彩票APPDo the following statements agree with the information in Reading Passage 1?
极速彩票APPIn boxes 10-13 on your answer sheet, write
极速彩票APPTRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
10 Gold was the most valuable material transported along the Silk Road.
11 Most tradesmen only went along certain sections of the Silk Road。
12 The Byzantines spread the practice of silk production across the West.
极速彩票APP13 Silk yarn makes up the majority of silk currently exported from China。
剑桥雅思 11 Test3 Passage 1 阅读分析
关键词: 3000 BC, cocoon, fell into, emperor 's wife
原址: 第1 段 5 “It just so happened that... ” 这些茧中的一个落入热茶中，开始松散成细丝。