The rate of juvenile delinquency has been rising. What are the causes of this trend? Suggest some possible solutions to it.
不稳定的家庭生活 unstable family life, 单亲家庭 single-parent 增加 households, 儿童的情感需求无法满足 emotional needs left unattended。 父母对儿童的教育不够正确 improper parental care, 过度溺爱的孩子导致他们做任何他们想要的。
家庭暴力使儿童形成畸形的心理状态，导致暴力和犯罪。甚至一些父母虐待孩子作为一个工具，为排气 more and more parents show an inclination to abuse their children and treat them as an outlet of stress
获得教育的机会不够 limited access to education, 儿童没有及时正确的指导,导致不良行为 serious misconduct
媒体暴力 media violence(Many studies have made it clear that the upsurge in televised violence and the video games that have violence as the main theme is closely linked to young adults 'aggressive behaviors),失业 unemployment rate,影响同龄人群 delinquent peer group; 强烈追求物质财富,奢侈生活方式由年轻人 a strong desire for material wealth and luxury lifestyles 导致它是肆无忌惮的 illegitimate means。
教育: 提供良好的教育机会和环境 provide favorable educational opportunities and environment
社会方面: 对于有严重犯罪记录的年轻人，还必须加强法律制裁 for those who commit serious violent crimes, they should be sentenced to prison for community service is not a sufficient deterrent to prevent them from reoffending.
Some people think that education and training are more effective ways to deal with criminals than sending them to prison. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
1,教育可以使人具有竞争力 become competitive, 增加就业机会,从而有效降低犯罪率 lower the crime rate
良好的道德可以帮助人们,特别是年轻人,形成各种各样的良好的道德观念 develop moral values such as kindness, honesty, fairness, tolerance and respect for others, can tell right from wrong
* 监狱允许囚犯接受惩罚。They will be punished for the crime they committed. They also lost their freedom, which can prevent them from committing further crimes outside prison for the duration of the prison term. They will also feel remorseful for their criminal acts.
(二) 对未发生 the threat of imprisonment is a powerful deterrent against 的犯罪分子的行为有威慑作用。 future crime.
犯罪率 crime rate n
illegal behaviors = criminal acts n 犯罪行为
youth crime = juvenile delinquency n 少年犯罪
commit a crime v 犯罪
offender n 罪犯，囚犯 Robbery n 抢劫
Theft n 盗窃
Murder n 谋杀
be short of money 缺钱
poor self -control ability 自我控制能力差？
negative influence from family 负面家庭影响
abnormal psychology 异常心理
act on impulse 冲动 be put in prison 入狱
comfort the victims 安抚受害者
warn the potential criminals 警告潜在罪犯？
legal advocating 法律宣传
human right 人权
主题: Some people think that teenagers should be given the same punishment as adult criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
1 immature/naive/cannot distinguish right from wrong/it is easy for them to be misled/go astray-Adults have received sufficient education and they have free will. They are well aware of what they have done. Compared with those hardened criminals who deliberately break the law, it is unfair to give juvenile delinquents the same punishment. For example…The Hero in Les Miserable
2 Teenagers 'life can be totally devastated if they are penalised in the same way as those rational and mature adult criminals. Juvenile delinquents can be educated and converted to someone who can contribute to the well-being of the society. Unlike adults who may be too old to be changed, young wrongdoers are moldable.
some one argue that if teenager criminals get favorable treatment, more juvenile criminals may not feel intimidated…In addition, some adults may take advantage of the loophole and abet some children or teenagers to break the law. For example, many children in China are organised and educated to steal or even rob pedestrians on the street.